When Terry King took over the Chair of the Historical Group in 2004 it was on the point of closing down. Terry introduced a series of weekend conferences around the country which proved to be successful. His purpose was to revive the Group and then pass it on to a qualified photo-historian The following pages give the situation when at the time when he handed over the reins to Carolyn Bloore. Terry is delighted that the Group and its publication ‘The PhotoHistorian’ are going from strength to strength as can be seen from the current programme at www.photohistorian.co.uk
The following is a snapshot of the state of the Group the day Terry handed over.


Fenton House 122 Wells Road Bath BA2 3AH UK

THE OCTAGON, MILSOM STREET, BATH BA1 1DN Tel: 01225 462841 Fax: 01225 448688 E-mail: rps@rps.org
The Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain, a company limited by guarantee.
Registered No. 42900 VAT Registered No. GB 753 3057 41 Registered Charity No. 212684


Terry King (Chairman) terryaking@aol.com
Carolyn Bloore (Editor PhotoHistorian) carolynbloore@hotmail.com
Richard Morris (Immediate Past Chairman) morris1856@aol.com
Donald Stewart (Honorary Secretary) donaldtstewart@aol.com
Graham Whitwam (Honorary Treasurer) allscape@tiscali.co.uk
Jenny Ford (Membership Secretary)

Programme 2007


Wednesday 18 April 2 PM - National Monuments Record

Photography in the collections of National Monuments Record and English Heritage. A collection of over 10 million photographs drawings and other documents relating to the archaeology and architecture of England Including photographs by such distinguished photographers as Fenton and Brandt.

National Monuments Record Centre, Kemble Drive, Swindon, SN2 2GZ Tel: 01793 414700. Website: www.english-heritage.org.uk. Contact Terry King (terryaking@aol.com or Ian Leith at the NMR
The Middle Three Weekends in May


Following our recreation of Muybridge’s experiments at Ham Polo Club there will now be a DAGUERREOTYPE, WET COLLODION & HILLOTYPE FESTIVAL IN RICHMOND, SURREY

Make your own

Daguerreotype by Mike Robinson

HILLOTYPES a full colour photographic process from the 1850s


These workshops will be run by acknowledged international experts.
Mike Robinson from Toronto and Rochester NY (GEH)
France Osterman from Rochester NY (GEH)
David Burder

These will all be hands-on workshops where those taking part will make their own images using these techniques.
The daguerreotype workshop will be with Mike Robinson who will use a method where those taking part will be fully insulated from the chemistry.
France Osterman will be making ambrotypes and wet collodion negatives from which salt prints will be made.
David Burder will make full colour photographs using the methods of The Reverend Eli Hill from the 1850s.
David will also make Becquerel daguerreotypes using the ‘safe’ method.

E mail terryaking@aol.com.

Wednesday 23 May 7 PM - Sebastian Dobson

"Drawn by the Sun" - Photography and Count zu Eulenburg's Mission to Japan, 1860-1861'
An examination of the work of the official photographers with the first Prussian diplomatic mission to Japan and their place in Asian photo-history.

The Camera Club, 16 Bowden Street, SE 1.
Contact Terry King 020 8940 4848

Weekend of 21 and 22 July

Weekend of 21 and 22 July
'Light from Darkness’ (Genesis 1 : 4 )
- Conference and Exhibition

A Conference on the Art, practice and History of the Photography of Churches.

The conference will be held at Durham Cathedral, a building whose beauty qualifies it as a World Heritage Site.

The formal conference will take place in the Priors’ Hall of Durham Cathedral on Saturday 21 and Sunday 22 July 2007. There will a dinner in the Cathedral Undercroft on the Saturday evening. Optional extras include be a restaurant meal on the Friday Evening and a photographic Excursion on the Monday.

The registration fee, including accommodation, tea and coffee and a dinner in the Cathedral Undercroft on the Saturday evening, will be around GBP 170. The fee for the conference alone will be GBP 100. Registration forms, with details of various choices and costs are available from Graham Whitwam (allscape@tiscali.co.uk)

Special arrangements have been made for photography in the Cathedral early on the Saturday morning.

The programme is planned to include:

Dr Richard Ingle FRPS on sixty years of photography of French and English gothic churches. Richard is recognised as an artist both in his photography and in the craftsmanship of his printing.

Giles Guthrie of Maidstone Museum and Clive Tanner FRPS.

How a museum and a photographic society have collaborated in

digitising historical photographs in local collections to bring the treasures in local collections to light

Terry King FRPS will talk on ‘The Artist, The Photograph and The Church’ Using examples mainly from books not specifically intended for the specialist photographic market but as a means of communication to the non specialist, Terry will demonstrate how the mystery and the message is achieved using the tools of picture making. The work of Edwin Smith will figure significantly.

Clive Tanner FRPS on the inspiration of church statuary and how it has influenced his photography.

Ian Leith of English Heritage Ian will place Bill Brandt’s work in the context of other photographic work in the archives of English Heritage. Ian will also refer to photography by incumbents and the significance of photographs as documents for historical research for both scholars generally rather than just photo-historians.

Dr Carolyn Bloore will talk on a recently discovered Lyndon Smith portfolio of church photography of the 1850s. The portfolio also contains work by Francis Bedford and possibly by Roger Fenton.

We plan to follow Dr Bloore’s presentation by a ceremony to mark the induction of Roger Fenton into the US International Photography Hall of Fame. The International Hall of Fame is an educational body whose objective is to encourage the understanding of the history of photography. The IPHF has a fine gallery in Oklahoma City.

Dr David Cummings of Alabama will demonstrate how his very fine church photography has been inspired by the platinum prints of Frederick Evans . Some of David’s collection of Evan’s platinum prints will be on show in the Monk’s Dormitory.

Terry King will present platinum, cyanotype rex , chrysotype rex and gum prints of churches and abbeys and explain the historical and cultural background that led to his sonnets associated with the photographs.

There will be a portfolio session to discuss delegates’ own church photography and a debate on the art of church photography with specific reference to John Ruskin’s comment that a photograph is not art but a record similar to a drawing made as a record.

The exhibition in the Monk’s Dormitory will include Frederick Evans platinum prints from David Cummings’ collection, work from recently discovered Lyndon Smith album and work by:

Dr David Cummings
Dr Richard Ingle FRPS
Ken Keen FRPS
Terry King FRPS
Clive Tanner FRPS
Jim Tonks ARPS.

An Excursions is also planned to churches and abbeys in the area including the Norman Chapel in Durham Castle and the seventh century abbeys and churches associated with the Venerable Bede.

October 5 and 6 - Dimbola Lodge, Isle of Wight

Weekend Conference on the Photography of Lewis Carroll
(Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) associated with the British Council exhibition of Lewis Carroll's photography which runs from September 10 to November 17.

Contact: John Holsburt administrator@dimbola.co.uk

Further events are planned in the UK and overseas including a conference on Sutcliffe at Bradford, a day explaining the work of the Research Distinctions Panel’ of the Royal Photographic Society, a conservation conference in association with the Getty Conservation Institute in Santa Monica and the National Museum of the Media at Bradford.



The following programme marks a further development of our policy to widen the horizons of the Historical Group. It also marks a new collaboration with "The Camera Club" which was founded in 1885; this will enable an additional programme of lectures, presentations and exhibitions in London.

There will be two conferences this year:

THE LIGHT FROM THE DARKNESS at Durham Cathedral in July

THE OBJECT GLASS OF SCIENCE 2 /APIS at the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford in September.

This announcement also constitutes a priority call for papers.


Maidstone Museum and Bentlif Art Gallery at 7 PM
St Faith's Street, Maidstone
Kent, ME14 1LH

Maidstone Museum has acquired a number of collections of glass plates and daguerreotypes of photography in Kent from the 1860s to the 1930s.
Giles Guthrie, the curator of the Museum and Ian Wigston from Maidstone Camera Club will talk on the significance of the images to the history and development of Kent over the period and the methods used in scanning and cleaning up the images from the plates.
The plates show town and country scenes of Kent and the Isle of Sheppey. Among the images, those of the Sheppey include naval architecture demolished on the closure of the dock yard, while street scenes often documentary in character, are almost Annan in Sheppey.

The associated exhibition continues at the museum until the end of January 2006.


Joint meeting with Archaeological and Heritage Group of the RPS.

Coffee 10:15
Start 10:30

The Institute
67 Leatherhead High Street
KT22 8AH
Telephone John Adams 01372 373 430

Entrance 5

Dr Ron Callender will speak on his research into the 19C Sutherland Gold Rush. The research was occasioned by the discovery of a contemporary photograph.


The Camera Club Bowden Street - In conjunction with The Camera Club

Terry King FRPS will talk on the revival of earlier photographic processes, including the concept of 'retro-invention'. This will be the introduction to a series of practical workshops, at the Camera Club and in Richmond, and to a selected exhibition of work in alternative processes at The Camera Club.

WEEK BEGINNING 13 MARCH (date and time to be confirmed).

An exhibition on Captain Abney will be mounted at

The Camera Club
16 Bowden Street
Kennington SE11 4 DS
020 7587 1809


A joint Camera Club/RPS Historical Group presentation on Captain Abney who was President of the Camera Club for twenty-four years. Those with a particular interest in any aspect in Abney's work will be welcome to contribute to this presentation.


Lionel de Rothschild and the Autochrome: early adventures in colour

Victor Grey will talk on autochromes and cameras from the Rothschild collection.

7 pm at:

The Rothschild Archive
1 King William Street
London, EC4P 4DU

This is very close to Bank Tube Station. Leaving the station by Exit 7 and looking to the right, the building is across the road.

This is to be an exhibition at the National Museum of Photography.


The Camera Club, Bowden Street.

As a precursor to the July 'The Light From the Darkness' conference on the history of church photography, there will be a presentation on and an exhibition of church photography at The Camera Club.


The Camera Club, Bowden Street.

6.30 PM AGM

7 PM A talk by Michael Maunder 'From the origins of dry plates to the development of cine film'. The talk will be illustrated with 6 x 6 slides.


Summer Visit

Visit to The Clifton camera obscura, Abbey Dore, Tintern and Llantony Abbeys.


Terry King terryaking@aol.com

Richard Morris Morris1856@aol.com

This announcement also constitutes a call for papers for the following two conferences (contact terryaking@aol.com)

JULY 22 and 23

'The Light from the Darkness' - DURHAM CATHEDRAL

A conference on the History of Church Photography to be held at Durham Cathedral. Accommodation will be at the University. There will be an exhibition of current and historic photographs in 'The Monks' Dormitory' which now houses an exhibition space, the Cathedral Library and the theological collections of the University of Durham. There will be opportunities to visit significant sites either before or after the conference.


The Object Glass of Science/Alternative Processes International Symposium



2 & 3 April 2005.
Have a wet collodion photograph taken by Julia Margaret Cameron!
The first weekend of April 2005 will be a Victorian weekend at Dimbola. Julia Margaret Cameron (Maggie Henderson) will be taking wet collodion photographs from her greenhouse studio. Lynne Truss will introduce the characters in her brilliantly funny recreation of the relationships between the Tennysons at Farringford and the Camerons at Dimbola. Veronica Franklin Gould will introduce the great Victorian, painter George Frederick Watts.
There will be dressings up, recreations, readings and retro-inventions with Colin Ford, Veronica Franklin Gould, Maggie Henderson and Terry King.
The weekend including a dinner and accommodation will be 200.
The weekend without the accommodation and dinner will be 100.
The recreation at Farringford on Sunday afternoon will be 15.
Although The Historical group of the RPS and the Dimbola Trust are organising this weekend you do not need to belong to either to attend.


The Julia Margaret Cameron Trust
Dimbola Lodge
Terrace Lane
Freshwater Bay
Isle of White PO40 9QE

18 May 2005.
7 p.m. Historical Group meeting at Hands-On Pictures. Subject tba.

9 - 12 August 2005.
Swansea University, Wales, UK.

Supported by the Royal Institution of South Wales, City and County of Swansea, the Gower Society, the Llysdinam Trust and the Historical Group of the Royal Photographic Society.
Waless place in the history of photography has never before been looked at in any detail. This conference is the first ever event to look at those famous pioneering names of photography who either lived or worked in the country and especially round Swansea in south Wales. Henry Fox Talbot, the discoverer of the negative/positive process had Welsh relations and for a time lived with them at their family home, Penrice. His cousin, Emma Thomasina Talbot, married John Dillwyn Llewelyn, a founder Council member of the Photographic Society of London, now the Royal Photographic Society. Johns sister Mary Dillwyn was an accomplished photographer as was Johns daughter Thereza who married yet another pioneer Nevil story Maskelyne. Even Calvert Richard Jones was distantly related to the Llewelyns. Others of distinction who visited were Antoine Claudet, with whom Llewelyn was carrying out daguerreotype experiments and Philip Delamotte, a friend of many years. Other local notables include John Wheeley Gutch, not to mention many amateurs who were within the circle of Llewelyn and Talbot friends and relations. Even the first editor of the Journal of the Photographic Society of London was a visitor to Swansea.
Details of the programme and a booking form may be found on www.risw.org.uk

For any further information do please contact myself - by e-mail preferably!
If you belong to any organisation, please do circulate to members.

Richard Morris FRPS
Tyr Gwynt
Port Eynon
Swansea SA3 1NL
(0)1792 390242

Saturday 10 & Sunday 11 September 2005.


How science provides the foundation for the art of photography. A conference to be held in conjunction with the Pitt Rivers Museum and the Museum of the History of Science at Oxford.

Saturday at St Edmunds Hall
Sunday at the Museum of the History of Science

Cost, including student accommodation and a Saturday evening meal, at St Edmunds Hall, 120. Without the meal 100. Without the accommodation 80.
For registration and further information contact Peter Moseley at moseley@btinternet.com


Since its beginnings two hundred years ago, photography could not have existed and developed without the scientists who dedicated themselves to the art. The art, the science and the history of photography are not only inter-dependent but they have played a significant role in the development od other arts and technologies.

This conference is part of the movement to clarify once again, to go back to the fundamentals, to establish the foundations of the art and craft of photography.

Object Glass of Science

Saturday 10th September
St Edmund's Hall


Registration and Coffee


Dr Bill Alschuler, CalArts
The Source and Nature of Inherent Colour in Early Photographic Processes: Niepce's Heliochromes to Burder's Color Daguerreotypes, and their Relationto Lippmann Process Images. A comparative analysis of the optical phenomena that might explain the colour.


Dr Francois Brunet of the University of Paris
on the US contribution to photographic technology in the days before Eastman. The paper will discuss the issues of invention, science, and institutional framework or lack thereof in the US in the period 1840-1880. Examples will include the Hillotype controversy , and the European response to American technical improvements in historiography and international exhibitions.




Terry King
on his programme of retro-invention which not only has led to deeper insights into photographic processes from Wedgwood and Niepce onwards but has also led to 'new' and beautiful ways of making pictures using gold, iron and platinum salts


Practical Demonstrations




Graham Haddleton
on the origins and significance of high-speed photography from the days of Marey and Muybridge


Michael Maunder
A scientific assessment of the Herschels iron processes from which the platinotype, the kallitype, the argentotype, the argyrotype, the chrysotype, the cyanotype all, in one way or another derive. Michael has put into effect Herschels 1842 suggestions as to the future of photography with revolutionary results including confirmation of the practicality of camera speed cyanotypes.




Dr Ron Callender
will speak about the photographic experiments of Hurter and Driffield and concentrate on the crucial years of their investigations, which have never previously been reported. Hurter and Driffield laid the foundation for an understanding of the photographic process, including the relationship between exposure and development, in 1890; many of their terms and conclusions apply to today's electronic imaging.


Practical Demonstrations


Dinner in Old Dinner Room

Sunday 11th September
Museum of History of Science


Dr Dusan Stulik of the Getty Conservation Institute
Scientific Investigation of Photographs: as an Integral Part of the modern art history of the photograph


Dr Morrison-Low of Scottish Museums
will look at the role of the scientific instrument maker in early British photography.




David Burder
on the manufacture of natural colour daguerreotypes and the natural colour in the Hillotype.




Conference Close

Dr Francois Brunet is a Professor of American art and literature at University Paris 7-Denis Diderot in Paris, France. His special field of research is 19th-century American photography.
David Burder is recognised as a world expert on the work of Levi Hill who made full colour photographs in the 1850s. David has made colour prints using Levi Hill's process. David's company manufactures 3D photographs.
Dr Ron Callender delivered The RPS Hurter & Driffield Memorial Lecture in 1978, but has retained his interest in the two 19th century photographic pioneers who were the subject of his recent PhD thesis.
Graham Haddleton is Secretary of the UK Association for High Speed Photography and on the Committee of the Imaging Science Group of the Royal Photographic Society.
Terry King has thirty years experience across a number of disciplines as an independent scholar, photographer and printer in the field of historical photographic processes. He is the Chairman of the Historical Group of the Royal Photographic Society.
Dr. Dusan C. Stulik Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.
Michael Maunder was already a chemist of international standing before he started his company, Speedibrews, developing and manufacturing photographic chemicals for a wide range of applications.
Dr Alison Morrison-Low has been Curator of Historical Scientific Instruments and Photography at the National Museums of Scotland since 1980. Her interests remain focused on the prehistory and pioneering early days, particularly where science and scientists were involved.
Dr William R. Alschuler received his doctorate in Astronomy at the University of California at Santa Cruz. He is currently teaching science to art students at CalArts. His current research includes work on Lippmann photography and the birth of color photography. The latter includes three major efforts: an exhibit on the latter topic, a biography of Lippmann, and work on the process itself. Inquiries are welcome.

The conference is organised by the Historical Group of the Royal Photographic Society in conjunction with the Museum of the History of Science and the Pitt Rivers Museum at Oxford.

Other plans for the current year or early 2006 include

A Sutcliffe weekend in Whitby (October. 2005).

Plans for 2006 include APIS at the new Scottish Centre for Photography in Edinburgh and weekend conferences in Birmingham and Nottingham.

Terry King (Chairman) terryaking@aol.com

Carolyn Bloore (Editor PhotoHistorian) carolynbloore@hotmail.com
AJWarr (Membership,Sales and Finance) ajwarr@gotadsl.co.uk
Richard Morris (Immediate Past Chairman) morris1856@aol.com
Peter Moseley (Publicity) moseley@btinternet.com


Wednesday 21 January
Christopher Penn spoke about the life and work of his great grandfather. These photographs featured in the memorable opening exhibition, India Through the lens 1840 to 1911 at the new Brunei Gallery at the School of African and Oriental Studies in Bloomsbury in 2001.

Saturday 14 February
At the Museum and Galleries at Norwich Castle and at Sainsbury Centre, University of East Anglia and the Norfolk and Norwich Millennium Library. This was an exciting and stimulating day organised by John Benjafield. We had tours of the exhibition of early photography in Norwich A Period Eye and Machu Pichu and the Camera, a talk by John on 19th century photography in Norfolk. We examined thirty albums of previously unknown platinum, bromoil and other prints by Walter Clutterbuck from the early 20C which had been presented to Norwich Library. These high quality prints of the Pictorialist movement call out for research by PhD or MA students.

Sunday 28 March
At Bewl Water south of Tunbridge Wells off the A21.There will be a map with instructions. This meeting is held in conjunction with the SE Region and the Pictorial Group of the Royal Photographic Society
Entrance £10. Pre registration is advisable with Kieran Morris, 12 The Birches, Swanley, Kent BR8, 7 YL
Tel. 01322613208.

Meet at 9.30 AM for registration at the Visitor Centre.
The Rise and Decline of the Pictorial Movement and its current revival. Dr Carolyn Bloore and Terry King.

There will then be practical demonstrations of Niepces heliographic process from the 1820s with a demonstration by Roy Hungerford.

Derek Reay, the Chairman of the Pictorial Group will talk on the Tyng collection of Pictorial prints now in the RPS collection at Bradford and the future of the collection including acquisitions.

Richard Morris will take a calotype of the group and explain the background to the first negative positive photographic process with reference to photographs of Talbot and Hill and Adamson.

The day will finish with a discussion on what has constituted a pictorial photograph. Those attending are encouraged to bring prints for discussion.

Wednesday 21 April
At 7PM at the Camera Club Entrance free
An account by Terry King of the Niepce Conference at Austin in November 2003.Saturday 22 May
A special visit to the RPS and Science Museum collections at the National Museum of Photography, Film and Television, Bradford. Brian Liddy will be the host.

September 18 and 19
Alternative Processes International Symposium (APIS).
Dunfermline, with associated visits to the Scottish National Galleries and the new Centre of Scottish Photography, Edinburgh, (where the 2006 APIS will be held), on 17th September and the National Museum of Photography, Bradford on 21st September.

APIS is held in alternate years in the US and the UK. The UK APIS will be designed to allow exemplary work to inform current practice in terms of both process and picture making. In addition to UK museums and galleries, the Getty and the Harry Ransom Center for the Humanities of the University of Texas at Austin will be involved. The ground will cover everything from Niepce to a new, consistent and cheap gold process and a marvellous new way of making cyanotypes.

Saturday October 2
Re-enactment of Muybridges 1870s experiment using photography to record movement of horses. We will use 12 or more 10 x 8 cameras. The event will be filmed for television. It will take place at Ham Polo Ground.

October 27
Meeting at Kennington:
The search for Rossier: early photographer of China and Japan - by Terry Bennett

Saturday, November 13
Muybridge Centenary
Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
The Historical Group will be collaborating on a special conference to commemorate the centenary of the death of Muybridge. The commemoration will include exhibitions, drama and re-enactments of the animals in motion photographs as well as the conference.
More info available at www.pennyschoolgallery.net
Unfortunately the conference has been cancelled as the Kingston authorities did not regard 40 takers as justification for holding the event.

December 15
Christmas Party in Richmond
At 6.30 at Studio 7. Dickson House, 3 Grove Road, Richmond, Surrey, TW10 6SP. The studio is on the corner of Cambrian Road and Queens Road. The 371 bus from Richmond Station stops outside. Bring food and a bottle. All interested in the history of photography are welcome. Asphaltum, cyanotype and chrysotype rex prints will be on show. An albumen print will be made from a group photograph taken on a 10 x 8 camera.

Terry King (Chairman) terryaking@aol.com
Carolyn Bloore (Editor PhotoHistorian) carolynbloore@hotmail.com
A J Warr (Membership, Sales and Finance) ajwarr@gotadsl.co.uk